1918, December 11
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is born in Kislovodsk, Russia to Isaakii Semenovich Solzhenitsyn and Taisiya Zakharovna Shcherbak. Issaaki, a decorated soldier in World War I, is injured in a hunting accident and dies of blood poisoning shortly before his son is born.
Taisija Zakharovna, leaving her son in the care of family, goes to take typewriting and stenography courses; finds work in Rostov-on-Don.
First childhood memory: during church service, Chekists (secret police) burst in on the altar and, having torn up the liturgy, seize church valuables for “the victims of famine”.
Lives with his mother in Rostov
Lives in Gul’kevichakh, at his uncle’s farm, along with his grandfather and grandmother.
1925, late Fall
Taisija Zakharovna takes her son to Rostov.
1927, 9 November
Enters the second class of the Rostov high school, № 15.
Beginning of childhood literary creative work. Reads L.N. Tolstoy’s War and Peace.
1930, 6 January, Christmas Eve
Search of his mother’s apartment, arrest of his grandfather. Note: Christmas is celebrated on January 7 in Russia.
1930, September 9
Fell head-first on the sharp edge of a stone doorstep, leaving him with a deep scar on his forehead.
Joined the Pioneers, a children’s organization run by the Communists.
Death of his grandfather Z.F Shcherbak (mother’s father) in the dungeons of the secret police.
Composes the Complete Collected Works of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in school notebooks, that includes stories, tales, verse.
1936, 26 June
Completed Rostov high school № 15 with a gold medal.
1936, 19 July
Enters Rostov State University in the Physics-Mathematics department.
An unsuccessful attempt to enter the theatrical studio of Yu. Zavadskoy; enters on year-long English-language courses.
1936, 18 November
Decides to write the history of the Russian Revolution of 1917 as a novel.
Bike trip on the Military-Georgian road; wrote sketches “Through the Caucasus on the ‘Ukraine”. Completed the English-language courses and received the translator diploma.
1937, Through the year
Collects material in city libraries on the First World War, writes the first chapters on the novel on the revolution.
1938, 15 July – 27 August
Travels through the Ukraine as a member of the student tourist group.
1939, 20 July
Accepted without exams as an external student in the cultural study department at MIFLI.
1939, 25 July – 27 August
Boat trip on the Volga
Transfers to the correspondence section of the Literature department at MIFLI.
1941, 16 June
Graduates Rostov University with honors.
1941, 22 June
Heads for the summer session to Moscow; hears on the radio of the beginning of the war.
Unsuccessful attempts to be called to the front through the Rostov military command.
Received direction to work in the high school of the city of Morozovsk of the Rostov region in the position of mathematics teacher.
1941, 18 October
Assigned as driver in the 74th Separate truck battalion.
1942, 8 April
Arrived in the city Semenov of the Gorky region for service training at the AKUKS (Artillery courses for improvement of the command cadre).
1942, 7 July
Bombardment of Rostov, the Physics-Math building destroyed. Rostov University is evacuated to the Kirghiz; the Solzhenitsyn’s apartment on Voroshilov prospect is destroyed by a bomb.
1942, 28 July
Rostov is taken by the Germans.
1942, 8 September
Solzhenitsyn writes a petition to the director of the school: “Let me go to the front”.
1942, 1 November
Completion of Artillery School
1942, 2 November
With the rank of lieutenant, departs Kostroma to Saransk in a reserve reconnaissance artillery regiment.
Solzhenitsyn named commander of the sound battery.
1943, 14 February
Rostov is liberated.
1943, Beginning of May
Solzhenitsyn sick with scurvy.
1943, Before 29 May
Receives news of mother’s serious illness.
1943, 23 July
Furious assault on Orel; for successful and rapid preparation of the individual unit, as well as skilled direction in exposing the groupings of the enemy artillery, commander BZR-2 Solzhenitsyn is recommended for the award – order of the Patriotic War II nd degree.
1943, September 15
By order of the Commander of the Army Solzhenitsyn is awarded the title of first lieutenant.
1944, 18 January
Solzhenitsyn’s mother dies.
1944, April 9-10
Wrote a long letter to school friend Vitkevich, which was intercepted by the military censor. Beginning of surveillance.
1944, Approx. April 20
Solzhenitsyn learns of the death of his mother.
1944, May 7
Awarded the rank of captain.
1944, July 12
Awarded the Order of the Red Star.
1945, January 30
The Deputy Attorney General of the RSFSR, Major General Vavilov authorizes the arrest of Solzhenitsyn.
1945, February 1
For saving the battery and equipment (operation of January 27) Solzhenitsyn is presented the Order of the "Red Flag."
1945, February 9
Solzhenitsyn is arrested by Army SMERSH counterintelligence in East Prussia, near the town of Vormdit.
Held in solitary confinement.
1945, May 9
By the forty-gun salute heard in his cell, he guesses that the war is over.
1945, July 7
Condemned to 8 years in a labor camp.
Transferred to the transit prison in Krasnaya Presnya. Works as a clay quarry shift foreman, trolley hauler, clay miner.
1945, September 9
Moved to Moscow, to the construction camp at the Bol’shaya Kaluga, 30.
Camp detective tries to recruit Solzhenitsyn under the codename "Winds". Solzhenitsyn starts motions for leniency of sentence.
Assigned as parquet apprentice in carpentry crew.
1946, September 27
Transferred to special prison of Rybinsk, Yaroslavl region to work in the aviation sharashka. Sharashkas were secret research and development laboratories that were part of the Gulag system. Scientists and researchers sent to prison would be forced to do research for the government in these facilities.
1946, November 6
Wrote (orally, by memory) the poem "Memories of Butyrskaya Prison."
1947, February 21
Transferred from Rybinsk to Moscow ("Third Butyrka").
Makes a request to the Prosecutor General of the USSR for reconsideration of his case.
Transferred to the sharashka in Moscow (Marfino) and appointed librarian.
Worked in construction of the Disciplinary Barracks as a bricklayer; composing poems.
The idea for the story of one day of a zek (prisoner) arises.
Becomes a machine shop foreman.
1952, January 29
Referred to the medical unit due to sharply increased advanced tumor in the groin and transferred to the camp hospital.
1952, February 12
Surgeon prisoner KF Donis operates on Solzhenitsyn to remove a malignant tumor.
1952, February 26
Discharged from the hospital, becomes helper in foundry.
End of sentence but is exiled for life in Kok-Terek region of the Dzhambul region of Kazakhstan.
1953, March 5
Learns of Stalin’s death and writes the poem "The Fifth of March".
1953, April 25
Teaches mathematics and physics at Kok-Terek.
Notices cancer is returning. Begins to write down texts of "Dorozhenka" from memory. Resumes correspondence with relatives.
After receiving permission for a medical examination in Dzhambul, leaves Kok-Terek. At the regional hospital in Zhambul learns that he has about three weeks to live.
Is treated with tincture of Issyk-Kul root. Buries a champagne bottle with pages of his works, twisted into a tube. On the last day of the year goes to Tashkent for cancer treatment.
Treatment is started radiotherapy, chemotherapy, blood transfusions.
1954, 18 February
Discharged from Oncology Center and returned to Kok-Terek.
Repeat treatment in Tashkent, conceived the novel Cancer Ward.
Teaches at Kok-Terek school and writes the novel The First Circle.
Solzhenitsyn writes a petition to NS. Khrushchev on removal of restrictions on movement.
Lifting of exile
1956, May 5
Receives a general citizen’s passport.
1956, June 20
Leaves Kok-Terek for Moscow.
1956, August 24
Appointed as a teacher in Mezinovsky high school in the Kurlovsky region of the Vladimir district. Here he rents a room from a widow named Matryona, brought to life in his short story, "Matryona’s Home".
The first version of the novel The First Circle completed.
1957, August 25
Hired as a teacher of physics and astronomy at the school № 2 in Ryazan.
Undergoes a course of chemotherapy in the Ryazan cancer clinic.
Cycling trip in the Ryazan region, has the idea of The Gulag Archipelago
A trip to Leningrad (collection of materials for the future The Red Wheel).
1959, May 18
In the course of 45 days, wrote a short story, "One Day of a Prisoner," which will become One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.
1960, Late Autumn
Takes chemotherapy at home.
Signs contract with Novy Mir for "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich".
1962, 15 September
The tale "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" is approved by Khrushchev.
1962, November 17
Novy Mir issue containing "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" goes to subscribers. Soon after it is translated and published in the west. He becomes famous in the USSR and throughout the world.
1962, December 23
Pravda prints an excerpt from the story "The Incident at Kochetovka Station."
1963, January 20
Novy Mir publishes the stories "Matryona’s House" and "Incident at Kochetovka Station."
Nominated for the Lenin Prize.
Works on Cancer Ward and other works. The political climate in the Soviet Union changes and once again Solzhenitsyn has difficulties getting his writing published. In December 1967, printing is stopped on “Cancer Ward.” No more works by Solzhenitsyn would be published in the USSR until 1990.
Chapters of Cancer Ward are printed in the West.
1968, June 8
A microfilm with The Gulag Archipelago is sent to the West.
1968, August 28
Solzhenitsyn meets Natalia Dmitrievna Svetlova, his future wife, who is typing banned books and papers (samizdat).
First Circle and Cancer Ward are issued in larger editions in the West.
Solzhenitsyn is awarded the Prize of French journalists for best foreign book
Elected Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
1969, November 4
At a meeting of the Ryazan Writer’s Organization, Solzhenitsyn is expelled from the Union of Writers of the RSFSR.
1970, October 8
The Nobel Committee awards Solzhenitsyn the Prize for Literature for 1970.
1970, November 20
“Decree on deprivation of Solzhenitsyn's Soviet citizenship and his expulsion from the USSR” is adopted.
Solzhenitsyn decides not to go to Stockholm for the Nobel ceremony.
1970, December 30
Son Yermolai is born.
Completion of August 1914.
In Paris, the Russian edition of “August 1914” is published.
1971, August 9
Sudden illness in Novocherkassk. While standing in a store, KGB agents managed to rub a poison on his skin without his being aware of it. Based on his symptoms, it is thought that the poison was ricin, which is highly toxic and often results in death.
Recovery, return to work on October 1916.
1972, March 30
A new draft of decree is compiled, depriving Solzhenitsyn of citizenship and deporting him. Gives interview to The New York Times and Washington Post.
1972, September 23
Son Ignat is born.
Solzhenitsyn family settles in a rented dacha in Firsanovka where they receive anonymous threatening letters. Writes an article, entitled "Peace and Violence."
1973, August 30
In the middle of the night, State Security seizes copy of The Gulag Archipelago. The holder of the manuscript, Elizaveta Voronyanskaya, commits suicide.
1973, End of August
Finishes appeal, "Live Not by Lies!", created in 1972-1973.
1973, September 8
Son Stephan is born.
1973, December 28
In Paris, the first volume of The Gulag Archipelago comes out in Russian.
1974, January 4
The beginning of persecution of Solzhenitsyn in connection with the release of The Gulag Archipelago.
Announces the signing over of the world-wide royalties of The Gulag Archipelago to Soviet political prisoners. Finishes article, "Remorse and Self-restraint."
1974, February 1-2
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt stands ready to grant Solzhenitsyn political asylum.
1974, After February 2
Secret negotiations of the KGB with the Germans to expel Solzhenitsyn to Germany.
1974, February 12
Arrested at his apartment and taken to jail in Lefortovo.
1974, February 13
Procedure of expulsion, Solzhenitsyn driven to Sheremetevo Airport and flown to Frankfurt, Germany. In Moscow, the appeal, "Live Not by Lies!" comes out in samizdat.
1974, February 15
Moves to Zurich
1974, March 29
Solzhenitsyn family leave from Moscow for Zurich.
1974, June 24
Solzhenitsyn and his family receive Swiss passports.
1974, 6-13 December
Goes to Sweden to receive his Nobel Prize.
1975, April 28
Flies to Canada in search of place to live.
1975, June 30
Speech in Washington to representatives of U.S. trade unions
1975, July 15
Speech to the U.S. Congress.
1975, October 31
Purchases land with a house in Cavendish (Vermont).
1975, End of December
The French magazine, Puen declares Solzhenitsyn "Man of the Year."
1976, July 3
Enters the United States as a resident
1976, From mid-June to late July
Works in pond house in Vermont, writes Stolypin-Bogrovsky cycle.
1976, July 30
The family moves from Switzerland to Vermont.
The following comments were made by Cavendish residents about their new neighbor:
“We’re no damn fools. We know who’s moving up there, no matter what the Vinogradov fella says,” - Quentin Phelan, Cavendish Town Manager.
“It’s the only fence around here like that,” said Myrtle Cady, whose family once owned the property. “Some folks think that there’s no need for fences, that all you need to do is post your property and people will stay out.”
The people of Cavendish want the man left alone. “I think he’s a very remarkable man and should have his privacy,” Postmaster Sophie Snarski said. "The locals have shown they are willing to respect his privacy and we hope he will consider this. They didn’t betray his secret. It took a newspaper report in Switzerland, followed by broadcasts over Radio Free Europe to tell the world something the people of Cavendish have known and protected for months."
1977, February 28
Speech to his neighbors at the Cavendish Town Meeting and asks for their support in helping to preserve his privacy.
1978, January 1
Natalyia Solzhenitsyn is interviewed on Vermont Public Radio. She is manager of a fund established by her husband to aid refugees seeking to leave Russia. She spends much of her time seeking money for the fund.
1978, June 8
Speech at Harvard University upon receiving an honorary doctoral degree, will be published as “A World Split Apart.”
1980, February 18
Time magazine publishes article, "Communism: In Plain Sight-and Misunderstood."
The Anglo-American edition of Oak and the Calf is published. Publishes an article, "How a Poor Understanding of Russia Endangers America” for the journal “Foreign Affairs.”
1980, Throughout the year
Work on October 1916 and March 1917; revised and expanded edition of The Gulag Archipelago was published (Collected Works, Volume 5, 6, 7).
Writes overview chapters, "Reflections on the February Revolution."
November edition of the Saturday Evening Post publishes "Solzhenitsyn: His Courage with Cancer":
"The famous Russian author Maintains it was his dedication to writing that cured him of cancer 30 years ago. He’s convinced that to continue to live he must write. To him, living and writing are inseparable. … In the writing center he has established in the Vermont countryside, Solzhenitsyn, surrounded by friends, family and the latest in word processing devices, considers himself self-sufficient. It is the perfect spot from which to wage his campaign against Soviet Communism and to, as he told New York Times art critic Hilton Kramer in a 1980 interview, “race against time.”
1982, January 15
The French magazine Express publishes an article The Main Lesson.
After three years of negotiations, Solzhenitsyn allows a Life magazine reporter and photographer into their home and retreat.
1982, March 20
Article "Solzhenitsyn: Vermont’s Mystery Man" published in Boston Globe "Solzhenitsyn’s desire to write as much as he can about Russian history in the era of the 1917 Revolution leave shim little time for leisure activities. In the summer he occasionally plays tennis he had built on his property. He cuts wood with his boys in the winter, and listens to music while reading in the evenings. Friends, often from Europe and members of the Russian émigré community pay frequent visits to the Solzhenitsyn residence. …He reads-in English as well as Russian-journals, newspapers, correspondence and books, to keep abreast of international political and cultural events."
Solzhenitsyn declines White House dinner where President Reagan offers “moral support” to Russian dissidents seeking to improve human rights in the Soviet Union. Solzhenitsyn sends the President a letter, which he releases to the press. In it he wrote, "During the past months indirect inquiries reached me through different channels concerning the circumstances under which I would accept and invitation to the White House. I always answered that I would be prepared to go for a substantive conversation with you, in a setting which would make an effective, in-depth exchange of views possible, but not for a merely formal ceremony. The life span at my disposal does not leave any time for symbolic encounters."
1983, May 7-12
Receives the Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion and meets with Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Established by Sir John M. Templeton, it is religion’s equivalent to the Nobel Peace Prize. From the prize's website:
"The Templeton Prize honors a living person who has made an exceptional contribution to affirming life’s spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s struggle for open expression made him one of the world’s most respected men. Under the repressive Soviet regime, he held firm in his beliefs and shared his worldview through powerful writings and devastating critiques of Russian Communism. His works renewed vitality in the Orthodox tradition and evidenced a profound spirituality."
Vermont Life magazine publishes an interview with the Solzhenitsyn family that was granted at the request of Governor Richard Snelling:
"The picture that emerged was of a typical American family; a basketball hoop over the garage, a well-tended vegetable garden, a dog and two cats. this was a close knit family, drawn together by Solzhenitsyn’s overriding mission-to set down in writing a historical record of Russian history in the 20th century."
In the article Solzhenitsyn shares:
"We have grown to like Vermont very much, and we wouldn’t leave this for any other place but Russia, if it ever becomes free. In any case, if Russia does not, we will be buried in Vermont."
Solzhenitsyn opened his Vermont compound to French television cameras for an exclusive interview.
"Here in Vermont, for the first time in my life, I have the perfect conditions to work. I have privacy and isolation, I enjoy a marvelous relationship with American libraries with rich Russian collections and archives. And I do not have the KGB looking over my shoulders. The only thing missing is my fatherland." Associated Press
1984, February 13
The 10th anniversary of exile from Russia.
1984, March 3
The killing of a woman of Russian descent in Pittsfield prompts Solzhenitsyn to urge Americans not to equate Russian-Americans with Soviet communists. Solzhenitsyn’s letter is in reply to a request for help from the father of Tania Zelensky, a 31-year-old woman officials say was shot by a man who believed she was a Russian spy.
1984, May 24
Receives a standing ovation after receiving an honorary doctor of humane letters degree during Holy Cross College's commencement. The college president, Rev. John Brooks, proclaimed of Solzhenitsyn, "In an age in which authentic courage is rare, your writings and your life have transmitted strength to all who share your dedication to the truth". (Associated Press)
Beginning of persecution of Solzhenitsyn in the American press in connection with the novel August 1914.
1985, March 29
A hearing of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the Senate of the United States is convened in connection with the "Solzhenitsyn affair”.
Files applications for US citizenship in St. Albans, VT
1985, June 24
His wife, children and mother-in-law become American citizens. Solzhenitsyn does not attend due to ill health.
1985, November 14
The expanded version of August 1914 containing a new section on the assassination of a Russian prime minister by an anarchist Jew has touched off a controversy as to whether Solzhenitsyn is anti-Semitic. Many prominent Jews and scholars come to his defense.
Receives treatment for skin cancer.
1986, November 18
50th Anniversary of The Red Wheel from the date of conception.
1986, The end of the year
Two volumes of March 1917 are published in Russian (Collected Works, Volumes 15 and 16).
Begins work on sketches from Literary Collections.
A Danish newspaper reports that Cancer Ward will be published in the Soviet Union, which had been banned as it was critical of the Soviet system under Stalin. Solzhenitsyn and his wife attend a concert by their son Ignat. In a post concert interview, Mrs. Solzhenitsyn says the reports of Cancer Ward’s publication are false.
Writes chapters 9 and 10 of Sketches of Exile.
Writes chapters 11, 12, 13 of Sketches of Exile.
In an interview with the Associated Press, Natalia Solzhenitsyn denies reports that Kremlin officials had contacted her husband with offers to publish his novels in the Soviet Union and invite him back to the land from which he was exiled 14 years ago.
Solzhenitsyn declines an invitation to join a Soviet committee responsible for building a memorial to Stalin’s victims. In a telegram to the organizing committee, he said it was impossible to ignore the treason charge, which has never been withdrawn. He also notes that he had already created a memorial to the victims of the Kremlin repression in his book The Gulag Archipelago, which was published in the West in 1974 but banned by the Soviet authorities.
Kremlin ideologist say Solzhenitsyn to remain on the Soviet Union’s “blacklist of forbidden writers saying that “to publish Solzhenitsyn’s work is to undermine the foundations on which our present life rests.”
1988, December 11
Solzhenitsyn turns 70. More than 1,400 people in Moscow attended a ceremony honoring him at the House of Cinema
1989, July 20
Article appears in the Rutland Herald about Joe Allen, owner of the Cavendish General Store and his sign “No restrooms, no bare feet, no directions to the Solzhenitsyn’s”.
Allen said that he has never met Solzhenitsyn and wouldn’t know if he ‘fell out of a tree and on top of me.’ He doesn’t share the same desire to meet the author as the people he has turned away.
Fifteen years after being banished from the Soviet Union and from its press, the magazine Novy Mir, publishes the first chapters of The Gulag Archipelago.
Officials in Moscow say Solzhenitsyn could regain Soviet citizenship by simply filing an application. Solzhenitsyn says he will not return until all his works-including Gulag and the cycle of books called The Red Wheel, which Communist Party officials have called particularly offensive, are published.
In the Soviet Union, several literary journals declare 1990 as the “Year of Solzhenitsyn,” and his works are reprinted, serialized and published widely.
Writes paper "How Can We Improve Russia?"
The Associated Press announces that President Mikhail S. Gorbachev has restored the citizenship of Solzhenitsyn along with an undetermined number of exiles. Natalia Solzhenitsyn vehemently denies claims. She reiterated that her husband’s return to his homeland is contingent upon the government formally dropping its charge of treason against him, and the publication and widespread circulation of his major works. Rutland Herald, 8/17/90
1990, September 18
Komsomolskaya Pravda and Literaturnaya Gazeta publish his article, "How Can We Improve Russia?"
1990, December 11
Refuses State Prize for The Gulag Archipelago.
Solzhenitsyn receives an honorary degree from Dartmouth- “our Vermont neighbor who spends a great deal of time using Baker Library.”
As reported in the Eagle Times (9/15/91), at the Cavendish Bicentennial Parade Solzhenitsyn says, “We'll definitely return back home to Russia. I said a long time ago that I definitely will return and that stays intact. I’m not going to live here forever.”
The chief Soviet prosecutor officially closed the 1974 treason case against Solzhenitsyn.
Gorbachev has handed the KGB file of Solzhenitsyn over to his Soviet publisher. Tass says the author intends to take up permanent residence in Russia.
Top Secret reveals that KGB agents secretly poisoned Solzhenitsyn at a department store candy counter in a bungled 1971 assassination attempt that left him with serious burns. On the incident, Solzhenitsyn said, “At last it is an explanation of something I could not understand at the time-where this sudden malady has come from.” Associated Press 4/21/92
Natalia Solzhenitsyn returns to Moscow after 18 years in exile and promised her husband would return soon. “He surely will come back. He think-and I think he is right-that it’s going to be the very last move of his life, and it should be well prepared.” New York Times 5/23/92
Boris Yeltsin shortly after arriving in Washington for a summit meeting with President Bush, telephones Solzhenitsyn. In a 30-minute conversation, they discussed their shared “pain for Russia.”
1993, January 19
Awarded the American Literary Award of the National Arts Club; gives a speech “Playing Upon the Strings of Emptiness”.
The Associated Press reports a brick house is being built on about 10 acres of land in a resort area outside of Moscow, Troitse-Lykovo.
Farewell trip though Europe before return to Russia.
1994, February 14
As Russians anxiously await the return of Solzhenitsyn, Cavendish says goodbye. An article in the New Yorker magazine shows that Solzhenitsyn has been doing exactly what he said he was doing-He works seven days a week, waking at six, taking a lunch break and working late into the evening.
1994, February 28
Solzhenitsyn gives a farewell speech at Cavendish Town Meeting.
1994, April 16
At the Vermont House, records last interview in the West with Paul Khlebnikov of Forbes magazine.
1994, May 25
Solzhenitsyn and his wife and his son Stephan fly from the U.S. to Russia.
The “No Direction to Solzhenitsyn” sign is removed from the Cavendish General Store.
1990, May 27 - July 20
Trip around Russia
1990, July 21
Arrival in Moscow; speech at the Yaroslavl station.
1990, September 20
Presentation at the University of Rostov.
1990, November 16
Meeting with the President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin.
Begins conducting a series of programs on Public Russian television.
1990, Throughout the year
Writes the stories, "Ego" and "Apricot Jam."
Rebuilding Russia: Reflections and Tentative Proposals and The Russian Question at the End of the Twentieth Century (including “Address to the International Academy of Philosophy”) published. Awarded Brancato Literary Prize.
Publishes the story "At the Turns". Solzhenitsyn gives collection of memoirs of the Russian emigration to the Russian Abroad Library-Foundation. Writes "The Current State of Russia."
Writes new "Miniatures,” or prose poems.
Suffers a heart attack.
Elected member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Writes "The Hypocrisy at the End of the Twentieth Century."
1997, October 21
Russian Community Public Foundation announces the establishment of the Alexander Solzhenitsyn Literary Award.
Novy Mir publishes "Literary Collection" series of essays.
1998, May 7
The first presentation of the Alexander Solzhenitsyn Literary Award.
The publishing house "Russkiy put’" publishes his book, Russia in Collapse.
In connection with the 80th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church, awarded the Order of St. Prince Daniel of Moscow, and the highest state award - the Order of St. Andrew.
1998, December 11
In the Taganka theater on his birthday for the play, “Camps”; Solzhenitsyn accepts Church order and refuses to accept State Order in view of the poverty and misery that has befallen the country.
1998, Throughout the year
Writes story "Zhelyabugskie Settlement" and the novel Adliga Shvenkitten.
Novy Mir publishes "Sketches of Exile" ("The Little Seed Managed to Fall Between Two Millstones”). Publishes "200 Years Together", about the difficult topic of Russian-Jewish interaction in the 18th-20th centuries.
1999, June 2
Having been awarded the Grand Gold Medal of the MV University in 1998, the highest award of the RAS; he gives a response speech on "Science in the Pirate State."
2000, December 13
At the residence of the French ambassador, he is awarded the Grand Prize of the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences. Solzhenitsyn gave a response speech titled "Rebirth of Humanism."
The book Two Hundred Years Together (v. 1) is published.
2002, December 24
Suffers a severe hypertensive crisis.
Receives treatment from the effects of hypertensive crisis.
Gives periodic interviews in the press, continues to write and publish short works. Makes edits to his works, creating definitive editions.
2004, 16 November
At Trinity Lykov, he is awarded the Order of St. Sava first degree – the highest award of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
2006, January and February
Presentation of the G. Panfilov series based on the novel The First Circle on the channel "Russia".
2006, November 16
Publication of Volume 1, 7 and 8 of the Collected Works in thirty volumes.
Undergoes surgery on his carotid artery.
2007, June 12
Ceremony in the Kremlin presenting state awards of the Russian Federation "for outstanding achievements in the field of humanitarian action."
2008, August 3
Dies at his home from a heart attack